DAILY CRIME AND FIRE SAFETY LOGS
The Albright College Department of Public Safety maintains a Daily Crime and Fire Safety Log, updated within two (2) business days of the department receiving a crime report, to keep the college community informed about campus crime. This log is maintained in compliance with the Clery Act, which mandates that the college publish information about reported crime within the department's patrol jurisdiction and on Albright College's on-campus, off-campus, and public property, as defined by the Act. Crime log case numbers do not run sequentially. The Department of Public Safety assigns a case number for all reportable activities, both criminal and non-criminal.
According to Federal Law, an institution may withhold any of the required fields of entry, i.e. the nature, date, time, location and/or disposition if any of the following conditions apply:
The disclosure is prohibited by law
If disclosure would jeopardize the confidentiality of the victim.
If disclosure would jeopardize an ongoing criminal investigation or the safety of an individual
If disclosure would cause a suspect to flee or evade detection
If disclosure would result in the destruction of evidence
Daily Crime and Fire Safety Log Definitions
Clery Reportable Crimes (CRC) - The Clery Act is a consumer protection law that aims to provide transparency around campus crime policy and statistics.
In order to comply with Clery Act requirements, colleges and universities must understand what the law entails, where their responsibilities lie, and what they can do to actively foster campus safety. For more information about the Clery Act, click here.
Closed (Ref CS)- Case has been investigated by the Albright College Department of Public Safety and was referred to the Department of Community Standards. The case has been adjudicated by the Department of Community Standards. In the instance of a fire alarm, closed refers to the non-suspicious nature of the incident or that the incident has been adjudicated appropriately.
Closed (Off Campus) - Case has been closed due to the incident having occurred outside of the campus boundaries. The subsequent investigation will be handled by the appropriate law enforcement agency.
Closed (Ref RPD) - Case has been referred to the Reading Police Department for investigation and adjudication.
Closed (Ref MPD) - Case has been referred to the Muhlenberg Police Department for investigation and adjudication.
Disposition - Current status of the case.
Open - Case is currently being investigated by the Albright College Department of Public Safety or has not yet been adjudicated by the Department of Community Standards, or an outside police department.
VAWA - The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) is a landmark piece of legislation that sought to improve criminal justice and community-based responses to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and stalking in the United States. The passage of VAWA in 1994 and its reauthorization in 2000, 2005 and 2013, has changed the landscape for victims who once suffered in silence. Victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and stalking have been able to access services, and a new generation of families and justice system professionals has come to understand that domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and stalking are crimes that our society will not tolerate. For more information about VAWA, click here.
Clery Incident Report Classifications
Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter — The willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another.
Negligent Manslaughter — The killing of another person through gross negligence.
Rape – The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent.
Fondling – The touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, forcibly and/or against that person’s will; or, not forcibly or against the person’s will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental incapacity.
Incest – Non-forcible sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
Statutory Rape - Non-forcible sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.
Sex Offenses, Forcible — Prior to 2014, sex offenses including Forcible Rape, Forcible Sodomy, Sexual Assault With an Object, and Forcible Fondling were reported under one classification – “Forcible Sex Offenses”. Starting in 2014 these offenses are reported under the categories above: Rape and Fondling.
Robbery —The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
Aggravated Assault — An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. It is not necessary that injury result from an aggravated assault when a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which could and probably would result in serious personal injury if the crime were successfully completed.
Burglary — The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. For reporting purposes this definition includes: unlawful entry with intent to commit a larceny or felony; breaking and entering with intent to commit a larceny; housebreaking; safe-cracking; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned.
Motor Vehicle Theft — The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. This includes all cases where automobiles are taken by persons not having lawful access even though the vehicles are later abandoned (including joyriding).
Liquor Law Violations — The violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting: the manufacture, sale, transporting, furnishing, possessing of intoxicating liquor; maintaining unlawful drinking places; bootlegging; operating a still furnishing liquor to a minor or intemperate person; using a vehicle for illegal transportation of liquor; drinking on a train or public conveyance; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned. (Drunkenness and driving under the influence are not included in this definition).
Drug Abuse Violations — Violations of state and local laws relating to the unlawful possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing, and making of narcotic drugs. The relevant substances include: opium or cocaine and their derivatives (morphine, heroin, codeine); marijuana; synthetic narcotics (Demerol, Methadone); and dangerous non-narcotic drugs (Barbituates, Benzedrine).
Weapon Law Violations — The violation of laws or ordinances dealing with weapon offenses, regulatory in nature, such as: manufacture, sale, or possession of deadly weapons; carrying deadly weapons, concealed or openly; furnishing deadly weapons to minors; aliens possessing deadly weapons; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned.
Arson — Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.
Domestic Violence – A felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed by a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim; a person with whom the victim shares a child in common; a person who is co-habitating with or has co-habitated with the victim as a spouse or intimate partner; a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies under VAWA; or any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.
Dating Violence – Violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors: the length of the relationship; the type of relationship; and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship. Dating violence does not include acts covered under the definition of domestic violence.
Stalking – Engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of others; or suffer substantial emotional distress.
Hate Crimes — is a criminal offense committed against a person or property which is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity/national origin or gender identity.
• Race - A preformed negative attitude toward a group of persons who possess common physical characteristics (e.g., color of skin, eyes, and/or hair; facial features, etc.) genetically transmitted by descent and heredity which distinguish them as a distinct division of humankind.
• Gender Bias - A performed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived gender. e.g., male or female
• Gender Identity Bias - A performed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived gender identity. e.g., bias against transgender or gender nonconforming individuals.
• Religion - A performed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons who share the same religious beliefs regarding the origin and purpose of the universe and the existence or nonexistence of a supreme being (e.g., Catholics, Jews, Protestants, atheists, etc.).
• Sexual Orientation - A performed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their sexual attraction toward, and responsiveness to, members of their own sex or members of the opposite sex (e.g., gays, lesbians, heterosexuals, etc.).
• Ethnicity/National Origin Bias - A performed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common heritage, often consisting of a common language, common culture (often including a shared religion), and/or ideology that stresses common ancestry. The concept of ethnicity differs from the closely related term race in that “race” refers to grouping based mostly upon biological criteria, while “ethnicity” also encompasses additional cultural factors.
• Disability - A performed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their physical or mental impairments/challenges, whether such disability is temporary or permanent, congenital or acquired by heredity, accident, injury, advanced age or illness.
Hierarchy Rule - A requirement in the FBI’s UCR program that, for purposes of reporting crimes in that system, when more than one criminal offense was committed during a single incident, only the most serious offense be counted. The crimes listed above are in order of that hierarchy.